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Thursday, March 5

  1. msg jenny and olivia message posted jenny and olivia http://www.voicethread.com/#u302080.b373000.i1967380 this should really be in early renaissa…
    jenny and olivia
    http://www.voicethread.com/#u302080.b373000.i1967380

    this should really be in early renaissance, though.
    9:51 pm
  2. msg Amanda & Keara's voicethread message posted Amanda & Keara's voicethread http://voicethread.com/share/377584/
    Amanda & Keara's voicethread
    http://voicethread.com/share/377584/
    7:56 pm
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Wednesday, March 4

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  2. msg Diandra and Sondra's Amazing Voicethread Link message posted Diandra and Sondra's Amazing Voicethread Link http://voicethread.com/share/377594/
    Diandra and Sondra's Amazing Voicethread Link
    http://voicethread.com/share/377594/
    2:46 pm

Thursday, February 12

  1. page Gothic_Art edited ... -in each bay, clerestory windows are 2 lancets under small round window (in the apse the lance…
    ...
    -in each bay, clerestory windows are 2 lancets under small round window (in the apse the lancets are taller without round window)
    -stained glass windows integrated Christian dogma
    chartes sculpture
    on

    west facade:
    on
    the western
    ...
    a city. Because the portal was derived from the Roman arch, it highlights the symbolic parallel between the interior of the church and the heavenly City of Jerusalem. Entering the church was thought of as one's ultimate entry into heaven throughout the early Middle Ages. The right or southern portal contains scenes of Christ's Nativity and childhood on a double lintel. An enthroned virgin holding the Christ child occupies the tympanum, which is surrounded by the Seven Liberal Arts in the archivolts. The Liberal Arts as depicted here correspond to the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic) and the quadrivium (arithmetic, geometry , astronomy, and music) adopted from Donatus by Alcuin of York under Charlemagne. On the left or northern tympanum and lintel are scenes of the Ascension. The archivolts contain the signs of the zodiac and symbols of he seasonal labors of the twelve calendar months. The central portal juxtaposes Old Testament kings and queens on the doojambs with the apocalyptic vision of Saint John the Divine above the door. The doorjamb statues(1140-1150) are the earliest examples of Early Gothic sculptural style. Each figures is slim and vertical, reflecting the shape of the colonnette behind them. Between each colonnette is floral relief patterns used as a framing device. The Old Testament kings are queens are frontal like in Byzantine mosaics. Their arms are contained within their vertical planes and their halos are flat. Their feet slant downward on a diagonal, indicating they are not naturally supported. Their clothes are stylizations. Compared with Romanesque figures at Moissac, however, the figures on the doorjambs at Chartes are more independent of their columns. Over the central door the Second Coming of Christ is depicted coming from the New Testament. On the tympanum, a seated Christ is surrounded by an oval mandorla and the four apocalyptic symbols of the Evengelists. On the lintel the twelve apostles are arranged in four groups of three. Each group are separated by a colonnette supporting round arches that resemble halos. At either end of the lintel stands a single prophet holding a scroll. Of the three archivolts, the outer two contain the twenty-four elders of the Apocalypse. The inner archivolt contains twelve angels; two in the center hold a crown over Christ's head, proclaiming his role as King of Heaven.
    south facade:
    The saints on the left portal of the south transept conform less strictly than the figures on the Royal Portal. They are no longer strictly frontal. They have facial expressions and are of different heights. The heads turn slightly and their poses, gestures, and costumes are varied. There is a general increase in sense of depth which is enhanced by the more deeply carved folds and facial features as well as by the projecting crownlike architectural elements over the figures heads. The proportions of the figures have changed from the western doorjambs, they are no longer as tall and thin. They are wider. This is a change from Early Gothic to High Gothic. Between the two doors of the central portal is the trumeau, also a feature of Romanesque cathedrals. It is decorated with a statue of the Teaching Christ. He stands on a lion and a dragon, associated with beasts and monsters of the Apocalypse. He is frontal and vertical making Christ seem more aloof than the doorjamb saints. He is shown teaching rather than judging, making him more emotionally accessible to the viewer.

    {http://rolandallen.com/archives/TriStainedGlassChartres.jpg} Rayonnant rose window with lancet windows
    {http://www.inform.umd.edu/Caprina/Images/ARTH200/187-239/200-199.gif} Nave with piers
    (view changes)
    8:48 pm
  2. page Gothic_Art edited ... -in each bay, clerestory windows are 2 lancets under small round window (in the apse the lance…
    ...
    -in each bay, clerestory windows are 2 lancets under small round window (in the apse the lancets are taller without round window)
    -stained glass windows integrated Christian dogma
    chartes sculpture
    on the western entrance of Chartes there are three portals know as the Royal Portal. The central portal is slightly larger than the other two. This arrangement was derived from the Roman triumphal arch which marked the entrance into a city.

    {http://rolandallen.com/archives/TriStainedGlassChartres.jpg} Rayonnant rose window with lancet windows
    {http://www.inform.umd.edu/Caprina/Images/ARTH200/187-239/200-199.gif} Nave with piers
    (view changes)
    7:11 pm
  3. page Gothic_Art edited ... Abbot Suger Considered the father of gothic architecture, Suger was the abbot of Saint-Denis…
    ...
    Abbot Suger
    Considered the father of gothic architecture, Suger was the abbot of Saint-Denis. Abbot Suger conceived a plan to rebuild and enlarge Saint-Denis with an emphasis on mathematical harmony and the mythical effects of light. The elements he employed may not have been new but the ways they were used created a new emphasis on the new connection between light and god’s presence. Suger’s additions to Saint-Denis included a new narthex, a west façade with twin towers, and three portals. The arrangement of the chapels is a formal echo of the ambulatory and Suger’s chevet emphasizes the integration of light with lightness by the use of ribbed vaults supported by pointed arches. Suger also employed thinner buttresses to support the wall. His overall design gained immediate attraction because of the light atmosphere compared to the dark atmosphere of Romanesque churches.
    Siena Cathedral
    1284-1299
    Designed by Giovanni Pisano
    Has dark marble stripes of Romanesque style, however, facade is generally Gothic
    3 portals surmounted my sharply pointed arrows, which recur in the triangular gables
    Rose window dominates center of facade!
    Most of relief sculpture is on the tympanums and others on the gables and near doors are free standing
    weight of the elegant side towers was reduced by adding windows
    The stained-glass round window in the choir was made in 1288
    One of the earliest remaining examples of Italian stained glass--the round window in the façade represents the Last Supper
    Pulpit expresses the northern Gothic style adopted by Pisano, while still showing his classical influences
    Message of the pulpit is concerned with the doctrine of Salvation and the Last Judgement
    {180px-Kathedrale_Siena_Fassade.jpg} Siena Cathedral {180px-Duomo_Siena_interior_Apr_2008_P-1.jpg} Interior Siena Cathedral
    Milan Cathedral
    Begun in 1386
    Combines massive size with delicate surface patterns
    Largest Italian Gothic cathedral! and 2nd largest cathedral in the world!
    Final structure reflects debates between Milanese architects and French and German experts
    The ground plan is of a nave with 5 aisles, crossed by a transept and then followed by choir and apsis The height of the nave is about 45 meters -- the highest Gothic vaults of a complete church
    Lacy effect of traceries, multiple windows, and thin, vertical spires is far more elaborate than the facade of the Sienna Cathedral (more purely Italian)
    Late gothic style that is more characteristic of France than of Italy
    {300px-MailaenderDom.jpg} Milan Cathedral {320px-DSC02980_-_Duomo_di_Milano_-_Il_transetto_-_Foto_di_Giovanni_Dall'Orto_-_29-1-2007.jpg} interior
    Architecture

    Chartres
    {http://www.hitl.washington.edu/publications/campbell/document/chartres.gif}
    ...
    the textbook doesn't talk about glass but the picture above suggests that the Nave of Reims Cathedral contains some very pretty stained glass
    {http://www.scholarsresource.com/images/thumbnails/192/k/kfa0453.jpg}
    The Canterbury Cathedral
    Gothic Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent (United Kingdom). Built in its current form by French architect William of Sens after a fire in 1174 destroyed the east end of the church. It is one of the oldest and most famous churches in England, and it is where the Archbishop of Canterbury, head of the Anglican church, presides. This cathedral is an important example of Early Gothic architecture, and has elements particular to English Gothic art. Rib vaulting, high pointed arches, and flying buttresses compose the key Gothic features.
    {http://guyndo.com/Interactive_Media/Canterbury-Cathedral.jpg} Exterior {http://www.terragalleria.com/images/uk/uken36082.jpeg} Interior
    Doge's Palace
    Doge’s Palace is a gothic palace in Venice Italy. The use of arcading (rows of arches supported by columns) in the lower stories produces an interesting "gravity-defying" effect. There is also effective use of color contrasts of different colored marble. The facades, with a total length of nearly 152 m (500 ft), have open arcades in the two lower stories, and the third story was rebuilt after a fire in the sixteenth century, so as to extend over the arcades. This upper story is faced with white and rose-colored marble, resembling ornate windows and finished with a lace-like parapet of oriental cresting. The whole scheme of columned and pointed arcades, with its combination of carved capitals and long horizontal lines of open tracery, is of that unique design which can only be termed Venetian Gothic.
    {Doge's_Palace_2.jpg} {Doge's_Palace_4.jpg}
    {Doge's_Palace_5.jpg}

    Notre Dame
    {http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a4/NotreDameDeParis.jpg/451px-NotreDameDeParis.jpg} File:NotreDameDeParis.jpg
    ...
    -epitomizes rayonnant style
    walls become glass as the stone support diminishes
    -no transeptàallows-the rose window is flamboyant style
    -no transept allows
    tall thin
    -juxtaposition between heaven and hell found:
    -in distinction between lower darkness and upper light
    -in stained-glass windows
    -in ceiling vaultsà paintedvault is painted blue and
    -crucifixion relics of the True Cross, the Crown of Thorns, the lance, sponge, and nail from Byzantium were placed in the large Goth-style gold and glass reliquary in apse
    {St_Chapelle_exterior.gif} Exterior of Sainte-Chapelle
    {Sainte_Chapelle_-_Upper_level_1.jpg} Interior of Sainte-Chapelle
    ENGLISH GOTHIC
    The Canterbury Cathedral
    Gothic Cathedral in Canterbury, Kent (United Kingdom). Built in its current form by French architect William of Sens after a fire in 1174 destroyed the east end of the church. It is one of the oldest and most famous churches in England, and it is where the Archbishop of Canterbury, head of the Anglican church, presides. This cathedral is an important example of Early Gothic architecture, and has elements particular to English Gothic art. Rib vaulting, high pointed arches, and flying buttresses compose the key Gothic features.
    {http://guyndo.com/Interactive_Media/Canterbury-Cathedral.jpg} Exterior {http://www.terragalleria.com/images/uk/uken36082.jpeg} Interior
    Salisbury Cathedral
    Salisbury Cathedral was built in 1220 as a Catholic church and later changed to an Anglican cathedral. The full name of this cathedral is, Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The cathedral is exemplary of Early English Gothic. Unlike the French Gothic Style, this cathedral contains a double transept and a square apse. The spire located at the church crossing is the tallest spire in the world predating 1400.
    English architects elongated the church plan (extended east end) and added a cathedral cloister to the south side. Attached to the cloister is an octagonal chapter house that contains the cathedrals charter. The interior stones are not all one color, but many different colored stones. The completed church is relatively symmetrical and geometric in its design. Consistent with other Gothic churches if this time, there are pointed arches, colossal piers, flyers, ribbed vaulting, and stained glass windows. Salisbury Cathedral contains fewer windows, clear or stained glass than other churches of this time; therefore, less buttressing was required. The ceiling vaulting in this cathedral is very intricate and extensive. When one looks up at the ceiling it has the appearance of an inverted umbrella; the vaulting fans off of the piers. Salisbury Cathedral is surrounded by vast lawns and trees.
    {eos2_090-250h.jpg} view down nave from west end gallery {eos2_017-350.jpg} east window
    {cathedral-cc-andrewdunn-350.jpg} Salisbury Cathedral
    ITALIAN GOTHIC
    Doge's Palace
    Doge’s Palace is a gothic palace in Venice Italy. The use of arcading (rows of arches supported by columns) in the lower stories produces an interesting "gravity-defying" effect. There is also effective use of color contrasts of different colored marble. The facades, with a total length of nearly 152 m (500 ft), have open arcades in the two lower stories, and the third story was rebuilt after a fire in the sixteenth century, so as to extend over the arcades. This upper story is faced with white and rose-colored marble, resembling ornate windows and finished with a lace-like parapet of oriental cresting. The whole scheme of columned and pointed arcades, with its combination of carved capitals and long horizontal lines of open tracery, is of that unique design which can only be termed Venetian Gothic.
    {Doge's_Palace_2.jpg} {Doge's_Palace_4.jpg}
    {Doge's_Palace_5.jpg}
    Milan Cathedral
    Begun in 1386
    Combines massive size with delicate surface patterns
    Largest Italian Gothic cathedral! and 2nd largest cathedral in the world!
    Final structure reflects debates between Milanese architects and French and German experts
    The ground plan is of a nave with 5 aisles, crossed by a transept and then followed by choir and apsis The height of the nave is about 45 meters -- the highest Gothic vaults of a complete church
    Lacy effect of traceries, multiple windows, and thin, vertical spires is far more elaborate than the facade of the Sienna Cathedral (more purely Italian)
    Late Gothic style that is more characteristic of France than of Italy
    {300px-MailaenderDom.jpg} Milan Cathedral {320px-DSC02980_-_Duomo_di_Milano_-_Il_transetto_-_Foto_di_Giovanni_Dall'Orto_-_29-1-2007.jpg} interior
    Siena Cathedral
    1284-1299
    Designed by Giovanni Pisano
    Has dark marble stripes of Romanesque style, however, facade is generally Gothic
    3 portals surmounted my sharply pointed arrows, which recur in the triangular gables
    Rose window dominates center of facade!
    Most of relief sculpture is on the tympanums and others on the gables and near doors are free standing
    weight of the elegant side towers was reduced by adding windows
    The stained-glass round window in the choir was made in 1288
    One of the earliest remaining examples of Italian stained glass--the round window in the façade represents the Last Supper
    Pulpit expresses the northern Gothic style adopted by Pisano, while still showing his classical influences
    Message of the pulpit is concerned with the doctrine of Salvation and the Last Judgement
    {180px-Kathedrale_Siena_Fassade.jpg} Siena Cathedral {180px-Duomo_Siena_interior_Apr_2008_P-1.jpg} Interior Siena Cathedral

    Palazzo Publico
    Located in Sienna, Italy, the construction of Palazzo Publico began in 1297. Its orgional purpose was to house the republican government in power at the time (The House of Nine). The building is a combination of midevil architecture with gothic infulences. The lower level is stone, while the upper level is brick. The fascade of the building is concave to reflect the convex shape of the square, Piazza del Campo. The campanile, Torre del Mangia, was built from 1325 to 1344 and was designed by the painter Lippo Memmi. It was the tallest structure in Italy at the time (competing with the campanile in Florence). The rooms in the palace are decorated with frescos. The frescos were commissioned by the government and deal mainly with secular subjects. This was unusual for the time because most works were commissioned by the church and dealt with religious themes. One of the more famous frescos would be Allegory and the Effects of Good and Bad Government by Amborgio Lorenzetti (located in the Hall of Nine). It depicts Justice, Wisdom, and Virtue. Virtue is at Justice's feet, who jesturing to the scales of ballance. Wisdom holds the scales while floating over her thrown. To the viewer's left is a beheaded criminal. The fresco also depicts many regconizeable citizens of Sienna. Many of the frescos in the palace are damaged, but all are signficant to the building.
    (view changes)
    5:56 pm
  4. 5:53 pm

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